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The Pakistan Textile Industry - An Overview

The textile industry is one of the most important sectors of Pakistan. It contributes significantly to the countryís GDP, exports as well as employment. It is, in fact, the backbone of the Pakistani economy.


Established capacity


The textile industry of Pakistan has a total established spinning capacity of 1550 million kgs of yarn, weaving capacity of 4368 million square metres of fabric and finishing capacity of 4000 million square metres. The industry has a production capacity of 670 million units of garments, 400 million units of knitwear and 53 million kgs of towels.


The industry has a total of 1221 units engaged in ginning and 442 units engaged in spinning. There are around 124 large units that undertake weaving and 425 small units. There are around 20600 power looms in operation in the industry. The industry also houses around 10 large finishing units and 625 small units.


Pakistanís textile industry has about 50 large and 2500 small garment manufacturing units. Moreover, it also houses around 600 knitwear-producing units and 400 towel-producing units.


Contribution to exports


According to recent figures, the Pakistan textile industry contributes more than 60% to the countryís total exports, which amounts to around 5.2 billion US dollars. The industry contributes around 46% to the total output produced in the country.


In Asia, Pakistan is the 8th largest exporter of textile products.


Contribution to GDP and employment


The contribution of this industry to the total GDP is 8.5%. It provides employment to 38% of the work force in the country, which amounts to a figure of 15 million. However, the proportion of skilled labor is very less as compared to that of unskilled labor.


Organisations in the industry


All Pakistan Textile Mills Association is the chief organization that determines the rules and regulations in the Pakistan textile industry.


Opportunities available


The world demand for textiles is rising at around 2.5%, due to which there is a greater opportunity for rise in exports from Pakistan.


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